Steps to follow
I. Daily brushing
II. Adjust water chemistry
III. Run the filtration system continuously for the first 72 hours
IV. Always follow chemical product label instructions
V. Walk on with bare feet only, no sandles, flip floops, shoes, etc for 2 weeks after application
VI. No pool cleaning equipment, Polaris, Ray-Vac, Dolphin, etc for 2 weeks after application
VII. No dogs, pets or hard objects for 2 weeks after application
VIII. Do not run or start up the pool heater for 2 weeks after application
IV. Do not add salt for 28 days for chlorine generator systems pools only
Brushing the newly plastered pool
I. Start brushing your pool after is filled and the filtration system is operating
II. Start brushing the walls and floor in a downward motion towards the bottom drain
III. Use a non-metal bristle brush with a telescopic pole
IV. Brush 2 times a day for 2 weeks, frequent brushing promotes a smoother finish on the surface
V. Do not scrub, just brush lightly for 15 to 20 minutes
VI. Brush the hard to get spots with a hand bristle brush when swimming
Acid: A liquid or dry chemical used to lower the pH and/or alkalinity of pool or spa water.
Acid Wash: A procedure using an acid solution to clean an interior surface of a pool with subsequent neutralization of the acid.
Aggregate: Marble dust, sand, rocks, pebbles, colored quartz, dolomite and other similar materials used as components of concrete or plaster.
Air Blower: A device that produces a continuous flow of air.
Algae: Minute plant life growing in water in the presence of sunlight and carbon dioxide.
Anti-vortex Drain Cover: A plate or cover that is affixed to the main outlet of a swimming pool or spa that prevents a vortex from forming as water passes through to the main outlet.
Backfilling: Filling space between pool shell and sides of excavation with dirt.
Back Pressure: Resistance to flow, normally expressed in pounds per square inch (kilograms per square centimeter)
Backwash: Process of running water through a filter opposite the normal direction of flow to flush out contaminants.
Balance: The term in water chemistry to indicate that when measuring all components together, the water is neither scaling nor corrosive.
Ball Valve: A device utilizing a ball-shaped diverter to partially or totally obstruct the flow of water.
Barrier: A means to limit, delay, or restrict access to a pool, spa, or hot tub.
Bleeder Valve: A device that allows air to be vented from a system.
Blister: An area of raised surface detached from the structural matrix of a material.
Blower: An electromechanical device that generates air pressure to provide spa jets and rings with bubbles.
Bond Beam: Reinforced masonry units designed to resist horizontal forces.
Bonding (electrical): The joining of metallic parts to form an electrically conductive path, which will ensure electrical continuity.
Booster Pump System: A pump that is completely independent of the filtration and heating system. Used to provide support for hydrotherapy jets, cleaning systems and gas chlorinators or special water features.
Break in Grade: Occurs when the slope of the pool floor changes to a greater slope.
Brown Coat: A coat of plaster applied with a fairly rough texture to receive the finish coat.
BTU: British Thermal Unit. A unit of measurement used to define the capabilities of heaters. One BTU is capable of raising the temperature of one pound of water by one degree Fahrenheit.
Bull Nose: A brick or stone with a rounded corner.
Cantilever: A projecting beam supported only at one end.
Cartridge: Disposable element containing filtering media and used in some pool filters.
Cartridge Filter: A filter that utilizes a porous element that acts as a filter medium.
Cement: A powdered substance of lime and clay generally mixed with water and aggregate to make concrete.
Check Valve: A valve that permits flow of water or air in only one direction through a pipe.
Checks (surface): Spider webbing pattern in a surface. Not all the way through, not an open crack.
Chlorine: A substance used to sanitize water by oxidizing (killing) bacteria; generally available in liquid, solid (tablets or sticks), and granular form.
Circuit Breaker: A device designed to open and close an electrical circuit manually, and to open a circuit automatically at a predetermined over current level, thus providing protection to the wiring and electrical components.
Circulation System: An arrangement of mechanical equipment and/or components designed to ensure even distribution of heat, chemicals, and filtration of water throughout the pool. Includes filters, heaters, pumps, chlorinators, piping, inlets, drains, skimmers and other appurtenances.
Coping: The cap on the wall that provides a finishing edge around the pool/spa. Can be formed, cast in place, precast, brick, stone, or pre-fabricated from metal or plastic material.
Cove: The radius that joins the floor and wall of a pool/spa.
Crack (surface): A repairable break in the surface, no major, not self-curing.
Crack (structural): A break or split which weakens the structural integrity of the pool.
Craze: See checks.
Decks: Those areas immediately adjacent to or attached to a pool or spa that are specifically constructed or installed for sitting, standing, or walking. Generally made of concrete, wood, or masonry.
Deep Area: Water depth areas exceeding five feet (5').
Diatomaceous Earth (DE): A white, powdery substance composed of tiny prehistoric skeletal remains of algae (diatoms), used as a water filtration media in DE filters.
Diatomaceous Earth (DE) Filter: Pool filter using DE as filtering method.
Diverter: Plastic or bronze adapter pipe that fits into a skimmer port to facilitate connection of a vacuum hose. The diverter can divert all suction to the skimmer, closing off the main drain or vice versa.
Erosion: 1. Act of destroying or dissolving by slow disintegration or wearing away. 2. In an erosion feeder, it is the way water dissolves the chemical being fed.
Etching: Corrosion of a surface by water that is acidic or low in total alkalinity or hardness.
Evaporation: Conversion of liquid molecules into vapor.
Expansive Soil: Clay soils that absorb moisture and swells, creating the potential for damage to a structure.
Feet of Head: The resistance in a hydraulic system based on the equivalent to the height of a column of water that causes the same resistance (100 feet of head equals 43 pounds per square inch). The total dynamic head in the sum of all resistances in a complete operating system.
Filter: Device for removing suspended particles from pool water.
Filter Cycle: Time of filter operation between backwashes.
Filter Element: A device within a filter tank designed to entrap solids and conduct water to a manifold, collection header, pipe, or similar conduit and return it to the pool, spa, or hot tub. A filter element usually consists of a septum and septum support or a cartridge.
Filter Media: Fine-grain materials in filter trap matter suspended in pool water.
Flow Rate: The volume of liquid flowing past a given point in a specified time period. Usually expressed as U.S. gallons per minute (gpm) or gallons per hour (gph).
Friction Head: Head specifically caused by friction or drag.
GPD: Gallons per day.
GPH: Gallons per hour.
GPM: Gallons per minute.
Hardness: Also called "calcium hardness". The amount of dissolved minerals (mostly calcium and magnesium) in a body of water. In unbalanced water, high levels cause scale and low levels corrode surfaces and equipment.
Heater: A fossil-fueled, electric or solar device to heat the water of a pool or spa.
Fossil-fueled heaters use natural, propane gas or fuel oil and utilize an open flame to heat a heat exchanger.
Electric heaters utilize a heating element immersed in water.
Solar heaters utilize ultraviolet rays of the sun to heat the water. Other ways to categorize heaters include:
Direct heaters that heat the tubes in which water circulates.
Indirect heaters that circulate steam or hot water inside a heat exchanger through which water flows.
Hydrotherapy Jet: A fitting that blends air and water creating a high-velocity turbulent stream of air-enriched water.
Impeller: The rotating vanes of a centrifugal pump; its action creates the flow of the water.
Influent: The water entering a filter or other device.
Jets: See Hydrotherapy Jets.
Manifold: A pipe with several openings for making multiple corrections.
Muriatic Acid: A dilute solution of hydrochloric acid used to lower alkalinity and clean masonry surfaces.
O-Ring: Thin rubber gasket used to create a waterproof seal in certain plumbing joints or between two parts of a device, such as between the lid and the strainer on a pump.
Overflow System: Refers to removal of pool/spa surface water through the use of overflows, surface skimmers, and surface water collection systems of various design and manufacture.
pH: Measure of acidity or alkalinity of water; pH of 7 is neutral, below 7 is acidic, and above 7 is alkaline.
PPM: Parts per million (in a pool, parts of a chemical or mineral per million parts of water, by weight).
Plaster: A type of interior finish (a mixture of white cement and aggregate , which will accept a tint of color) which is applied to a concrete pool or spa. Also called Mar-cite or Marblite.
PSI: An abbreviation for pounds per square inch.
Pumice: A natural soft, abrasive stone substance (similar to lave rock) used to clean pool tiles.
Pump: A mechanical device, usually powered by an electric motor, which causes hydraulic flow and pressure for the purpose of filtration, heating and circulation of pool and spa water. Typically, a centrifugal pump design is used for pool and spas.
PVC: Polyvinyl chloride is thermoplastic resin commonly used for pool piping and plumbing components.
Reinforcing Bar (Rebar): Steel bars embedded in concrete to increase its ability to withstand bending and stretching.
Return Inlet: The aperture or fitting through which the water under positive pressure returns into a pool or spa.
Sand Filter: Pool filter using sand as filtering medium.
Scale: The precipitate that forms on surfaces in contact with water when the calcium hardness, or pH, or total alkalinity levels are too high.
Screed: In cement masonry flatwork, the wood or metal straightedge used to strike off or level newly placed concrete.
Shotcrete: A mixture of cement and sand, applied onto contoured and supported surfaces to build a pool or spa. Shotcrete is premixed and pumped wet to the construction site.
Shocking: See Super-chlorination.
Skimmer: A part of the circulation system that removes debris from the surface of the water. Through-wall: A device installed in the wall of an inground pool or spa or aboveground/onground pool that permits the continuous removal of floating debris and surface water to the filter. Over-the-wall: A device installed over the wall of an aboveground/on-ground pool that allows for continuous removal of debris and surface water to the filter.
Slope: An inclined surface.
Strainer Basket: Device in skimmer and input side of pump used to catch large pieces of debris in pool water.
Suction Outlet: The aperture or fitting through which the water under negative pressure is drawn from the pool or spa.
Super-chlorination: Periodic application of extremely high levels of chlorine in (in excess of 3 ppm) to completely oxidize any organic material in a body of water and leave a substantial chlorine residual. Also called "shocking".
Swimming Load: Number of people using pool at a given time.
Test Kit: A device used to monitor specific chemical residual or demands in pool or spa water.
Three-Port Valve: A plumbing fitting used to divert flow from one direction into two other directions.
Time Clock: A mechanical device that automatically controls the periods that a pump, filter, heater, blower and other electrical devices are on.
Total Dynamic Head: See Feet of Head.
Turnover Rate: Number of times all the pool water passes through filter in a given time period.
Underwater Light: A fixture designed to illuminate from beneath the water surface. Wet niche light: A watertight and water cooled light unit placed in a submerged niche in a pool, spa, or hot tub wall and accessible only from the pool. Dry niche light: A light unit placed behind a watertight window in the pool, spa, or hot tub wall.
Valve: Any device in a pipe that will partially or totally obstruct the flow of water (such as with a ball, gate, or glove valve) or permit flow in one directin only (as with a check or foot valve). Bleeder valve: A device that allows air to be vented from a system. Multiport valve: A device that allows for the multi-directional control of the passage or flow of water through a system. Push-pull valve: A device that allows for the dual directional controls or flow of water through a system.
Venturi Jet: See Hydrotherapy Jets.
Vertical Wall: Shall refer to the wall up to a positive 11-degree angle towards the pool's interior from plumb.
Walls: The interior pool or spa wall consisting of surfaces from the plumb to a 45 -degree slope.
Waterline: The waterline shall be defined in one of the following ways: Skimmer System: The waterline shall be at the midpoint of the operating range of the skimmers when there are no users in the pool or spa. Overflow System: The waterline shall be at the top of the overflow rim.
Weir: The barrier in a skimmer over which water flows. A floating weir raises and lowers its level to match the water level in a pool or spa.